What Causes Taste Issues?
Contaminants in the Water – (Especially important if the source is from well water)All well water should be tested by a certified lab PRIOR to being consumed or used in foodservice applications!
- Old Water Pipes and or Systems
- Organic Matter
What Causes White, Yellow, Reddish and Brownish Water Color and Staining Issues?
- Reddish stains are usually caused by excessive iron in the water supply or Iron Bacteria growing in the pipes. Especially an issue when the water source is a well or old galvanized piping is being used.
- Yellow – Tannin – dissolved organic matter
- White & Yellow – Hard Water
- Yellow – Chlorine and or Chloramines in the water supply – usually municipal – especially in warm climates.
- Brown – Turbidity or solids in the water.
What Causes Smell Issues?
- Rotten Egg – caused by hydrogen sulfide gas which is caused by a reaction between bacteria, sulfates and other minerals in the water. The aluminum anodes in the water heater may also contribute to this rotten egg type of smell.
- Little or no dissolved oxygen in the water.
- Excessive Hydrogen in the water supply.
- High concentration of Sulfates in the water supply.
Solution: Filtration, aerating and or a mechanical adjustment at the water heater.
What Do I Need to do if I have a Private Well or Share a Community Well?
- Have the water tested annually at a certified lab to ensure that it is safe to use!
- Do not dump or use any possible contaminants such as insecticides, pesticides, caustic cleaning chemicals, products with high VOCs, lead, agricultural waste, industrial waste, etc. anywhere near the wellhead. All of these contaminants can seep into your water supply and contaminate it if they are close to or if flooding will cause them to get close to the wellhead.
- If the water looks bad or tastes funny do not drink it until you have it tested.
- Put a regular maintenance program in place.
Solution: Water Softener, Central Filtration, Aeration, Iron Control System, Point of use filtration, Reverse Osmosis System.
What are my concerns if I’m on Municipal (City) Water?
- High Chlorine content – especially in warm climates.
- Hard Water In some areas – which causes clogged plumbing, shortens the life of your appliances & water heater, high utility costs, spots and scale buildup (dishwasher ware, fixtures, tile, shower doors, etc.) discolored water & yellow staining.
- Lead – has been found in many cities water supplies in higher than acceptable levels. Lead can cause a number of problems with children, high blood pressure, nervous system issues and reproductive concerns
- Arsenic – which has been directly linked to cancer and many other diseases has been found in 85% of our city’s water supplies.
- 80% of city water systems are not equipped with filters that meet EPA standards. Most cities also add the harmful chemicals chlorine and fluoride to your water.
Solution: Filtration, Water Softener, Reverse Osmosis
What is Chlorine and Why Is It In My Water?
Chlorine is a chemical element with atomic number 17 on the periodic table, is a pale yellow/green oxidizing gas most naturally and derives its name from the Ancient Greek word “khloros” which means “pale green”. Chlorine is used in a wide variety of applications, like acting a bleaching agent or table salt. Even though chlorine is necessary in most forms of life, its elemental form is very hazardous to any type of life. Chlorofluorocarbons (a molecule containing chlorine) has been blamed in the depletion of the ozone layer of our atmosphere as well.
A process known as chlorination, where chlorine is added to water, is the preferred and most widely used method for water purification in public water systems around the world. It is used to prevent the spread of waterborne diseases, viruses, amoeba, and bacteria, like E. coli. It is also used as a disinfectant in sewage treatment and as a sanitizer in swimming pools.
What are the Immediate Health Effects of Chlorine Exposure?
“The health effects resulting from most chlorine exposures begin within seconds to minutes. The severity of the signs and symptoms caused by chlorine will vary according to the amount, route, and duration of exposure.
Solution: Filtration, Reverse Osmosis
Most chlorine exposures occur via inhalation. Low level exposures to chlorine in air will cause eye/skin/airway irritation, sore throat and cough. Chlorine’s odor provides adequate early warning of its presence, but also causes olfactory fatigue or adaptation, reducing awareness of one’s prolonged exposure at low concentrations. At higher levels of exposure, signs and symptoms may progress to chest tightness, wheezing, dyspnea, and bronchospasm. Severe exposures may result in noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, which may be delayed for several hours.
Solution: Filtration, Reverse Osmosis
Since chlorine is a gas at room temperature, it is unlikely that a severe exposure will result from ingestion. However, ingestion of chlorine dissolved in water (e.g., sodium hypochlorite or household bleach) will cause corrosive tissue damage of the gastrointestinal tract.
Solution: Medical Treatment, prevention equipment or systems
Low-level exposures to chlorine gas will cause eye and skin irritation. Higher exposures may result in severe chemical burns or ulcerations. Exposure to compressed liquid chlorine may cause frostbite of the skin and eyes.
Children may receive a larger dose than adults exposed to environments with the same levels of chlorine gas because they have greater lung surface area-to-body weight ratios and increased minute volumes-to-weight ratios. In addition, they may be exposed to higher levels than adults in the same location because of their shorter height and the higher levels of chlorine gas that may be found nearer the ground.”
Solution: Medical Treatment, Prevention equipment or systems.
Chlorine: Why Your Skin Ages as You Shower?
“Chlorine has long been recognized as an oxidative agent, meaning that it not only kills the germs in the water supply; it will damage any living tissue with which it comes in contact. And your skin, like the rest of your organs, is living tissue. But that’s not the only problem. Did you know that the steam from your hot showers actually contains chlorine vapors that latch onto the organic compounds in the air around you to create chloroform gas, a known lung irritant and fatigue-producer? Your body can actually absorb more chlorine from your quick morning shower than it does when you drink your recommended eight to ten glasses of water each day! So if you are fond of hot showers, the least you can do is equip your shower head with a filter to prevent those chlorine vapors from forming.
Chlorine has an extreme drying effect, not only on the hair, but on the skin. As the skin becomes drier, it also ages more quickly. So just as you can add a chlorine filter to your shower, you can also add a filtrating system to your entire home water supply. You should take whatever steps necessary to ensure that you are neither bathing in nor drinking chlorinated water.